High blood pressure HBP, is so common among adults in the United States that it is a serious condition that can increase the risk of developing coronary heart disease, heart attack, stroke, kidney and kidney and other health problems. other music. Literally, “blood pressure” is the force of blood flowing through the walls of arteries as the heart produces blood.
High energy is called long-term HBP and can cause severe body aches. It is very important that seniors understand what their blood pressure means and how to effectively control it and, if necessary, treat high blood pressure. People caring for the elderly should also be aware of HBP and know how to tell people who are taking blood thinners.
Overview of High Blood Pressure
In the United States, about one in three adults suffer from HBP. By itself, PAR has no symbols; it can damage the heart, blood vessels, kidneys and other organs for many years without any obvious symptoms. For this it is important to know your blood pressure regardless of your physical effects. This way you can do something important if your pressure is too high. Older people and caregivers should look at their blood pressure, no matter how limited it is. If it is normal, you will have to work to keep it within this limit. If it is high, you should seek treatment to reduce and prevent damage to your body.
High Blood pressure numbers
A number of stress factors include systolic pressure, which is the pressure when the heart produces blood, as well as diastolic pressure, which is the pressure when the heart rests between the lungs. Often, your blood pressure will be recorded and shown to be more systolic than diastolic. For example, you might see 120/80 mmHg, which a person would say in a loud voice like “120 over 80”.
The following table shows the normal rates for adults and shows you the numbers that put you at greater risk for health problems. Blood pressure can vary, but if your blood pressure is usually higher than it should be, you may start to have high blood pressure.
* These procedures apply to adults with severe short-term illness, which can alter blood pressure temporarily.
A level higher than 120/80 mmHg increases your risk, which continues to increase as the rate rises. Prehypertension means you can have high blood pressure if nothing is done to prevent it. If you have had HBP at your normal level, your BP is also controlled, but you still have the disease. Therefore, it is important that you continue to be treated to maintain a normal level even if you have had high blood pressure at some point.
Causes Of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is more common in adults because high blood pressure increases with age unless you take steps to prevent or control it. For this reason, it is important that seniors and caregivers take care of the elderly to monitor their blood pressure to ensure it stays stable or returns to normal.
Some health problems can lead to high blood pressure, such as chronic kidney disease, thyroid disease, and insomnia. Some medications can also increase blood pressure. These include asthma medications (corticosteroids) and even unexpected cold products.
Some women experience an increase in their blood pressure if they take birth control pills, get pregnant, or take hormone replacement therapy. For postmenopausal women, taking hormones to reduce symptoms can cause systolic blood pressure to rise. If you have HBP and want to start taking hormones, you and your doctor should discuss the risks and benefits. If you decide to continue taking hormones, it is important to know how to control your blood pressure and how often to check it to avoid serious health problems.
Danger or Risk Factor Of High Blood Pressure
There are many risks for HBP, including certain behaviors, conditions and behaviors. The main causes of high blood pressure are described below.
Since high blood pressure increases with age, adults are at a higher risk of developing HBP. In the United States, more than half of adults have HBP. The most common type of HBP in the elderly is moderate systolic hypertension (ISH), which has been described as having only systolic blood pressure (high blood pressure) alone. About two-thirds of adults with HBP have ISH. Although many adults suffer from HBP, it is not necessarily the case for aging. There are many ways to stay healthy and have high blood pressure as you get older.
Race and ethnicity
Anyone, regardless of past experience, can develop HBP, but it is more common in American adults than in Caucasian or Hispanic adults. In the case of these groups, African Americans:
More likely than Caucasians but also more likely to be Hispanics to receive HBP treatment
Have a higher rate of premature death than Caucasians from PAR-related problems, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure
The risk of HBP varies among different groups of Hispanic adults. For example, American adults from Puerto Rican had a higher mortality rate associated with HBP than all Hispanic and Caucasian groups. However, Cuban Americans have a lower rate than Caucasians.
Obesity or overweight
If you are overweight or obese, you are at high risk of developing HBP. Obesity is defined as obesity from muscle, bone, fat and / or fluid; Obesity is defined as having excess body fat.
Most males are more mature than females with HBP, but girls aged 18 to 59 are more likely than males to know and seek treatment for BP. Women over the age of 60 are more likely than men to recognize and seek treatment for high blood pressure, but among a group of women over the age of 60 who are cured, stress controls their blood pressure is lower than that of peers.
Living Unhealthy Lifestyle
Certain lifestyle habits can be a risk factor for HBP. Elders and their caregivers should minimize and discourage these negative behaviors:
- Eat plenty of sodium in food or salt drinks
- Alcohol abuse
- Insufficient potassium diet
- Insufficient exercise or exercise
- Other hazards
- News about HBP in your family can make it easier for you to develop HBP. Long-term stress can also contribute to your risk.
Signs and symptoms of High Blood Pressure
Usually, high blood pressure in itself does not cause any symptoms. For a short time, you may experience headaches if you have high blood pressure. It is possible to have HBP for many years unknowingly. It doesn’t mean it doesn’t hurt you right now; on the contrary, HBP can damage the heart, kidneys, blood vessels and other parts of your body unknowingly.
Often, people find out they have HBP when they have a heart attack or stroke or have a stroke. Checking your blood pressure regularly and knowing your blood pressure is very important to prevent further damage and serious health problems. Maintaining normal blood pressure or working to lower high blood pressure can reduce your risk of developing serious health problems.
Problems and Complication Of High Blood Pressure
Over time, high blood pressure can lead to:
Increased or discouraged heart, which can lead to heart attack – a condition in which the heart is unable to produce enough blood throughout the body.
Create aneurysms – unusual swelling or “pimples” in the blood vessels of the arteries (aneurysms usually develop in large arteries that carry blood from the heart to the body; nerves in the brain, legs and bowel; and nerves leading to splin)
Reduction of blood vessels in the kidneys, which can lead to kidney failure
Reduction of nerves throughout the body (especially the heart, brain, kidneys, and legs) that prevent excessive blood flow that can lead to heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, or amputation. ‘Parts of the foot
Bleeding or bleeding in the eyes, which can cause blindness or vision loss
Treatment To High Blood Pressure
Medications for high blood pressure include lifestyle changes and medications. The goal of treatment is to obtain and maintain blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg.
One way elders can control their blood pressure is to develop good habits, including:
- Eat healthy
- Get enough exercise
- Keep up the good content
- Quit smoking
- Manage and learn to manage stress
The combination of these techniques works better than any other practice alone. It can be difficult to change your lifestyle, but if you take it easy and change one thing at a time, changing your behavior can be easy to manage. Participants in senior care should encourage and help make these positive changes.
Sometimes it is possible to control blood pressure and lifestyle changes alone, but some adults may want to take the prescribed medication in addition to keeping their lifestyle changes to help. The goal for people with high blood pressure is to control blood pressure as much as possible, so it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle even after you start taking medication.
Eat well and also follow a very well healthy eating plan
Your doctor may recommend a diet that will stop high blood pressure (DASH) if you have high blood pressure. The DASH diet focuses on fruits, vegetables, nuts, and other hearty, low-sodium (salt) foods.
This food has low fat and cholesterol. It also contains whole milk or dairy products, fish, chicken and nuts. The DASH diet recommends small amounts of red meat (even red meat), candy, added sugar, and sugary drinks. The food is rich in nutrients, protein and fiber.
To help control HBP, you need to reduce the amount of salt you eat. This means you should choose foods with a low salt content and “no salt” for the table and when cooking. Nutrition Fact Sheet and packaging show the amount of sodium in the product. You should not eat more than 1 teaspoon of salt per day.
You should also try not to drink too much alcohol. Excessive amounts of alcohol can cause your blood pressure to rise. Men should not drink more than two drinks a day. Women should not drink more than one drink a day.
Get enough exercise
Regular exercise can reduce HBP as well as reduce the risk of other health problems. Older people are often anxious to start an exercise program. It helps you check how many doctors you have and what kind of program is right for you. Unless your doctor tells you something else, try to get at least 30 minutes of regular exercise or every day of the week. You can do it all at once or break it down into a minimum of at least 10 minutes.
Tough activities include hiking, dancing, bowling, cycling, farming, and cleaning. If your doctor agrees, you may also want to participate in strenuous activities, such as jogging, swimming, and sports. The caregivers should help plan and administer the appropriate exercise for the elderly.
Maintain a healthy weight
Maintaining a healthy weight can help control high blood pressure and reduce the risk of other health problems. If you are overweight or obese, try to reduce your weight by 7-10% in the first year of your treatment. This reduction in weight can reduce your chances of having health problems related to HBP. After the first year, you will need to continue to gain weight to reduce your body mass index (BMI) below 25.
BMI also measures your weight depending on your height, and provides estimates for all your body fat. BMI between 25 and 29 is considered obese. A BMI of 30 or more is considered obese. A BMI below 25 is intended to lower blood pressure.
Smoking can damage your blood vessels and increase your chances of HBP. It can also worsen the health problems associated with HBP. Smoking is not good for everyone, especially those with HBP.
If you smoke or use tobacco, quit. Talk to your doctor about programs and products that can help you quit smoking.
Learning to cope with stress, relaxation, and coping can improve your health and physical well-being. Exercise helps some people cope with stress. Others listen to music or focus on something quiet or peaceful to reduce anxiety. Some people pray, learn yoga, or mediate.
It is very important that you take all the medicines prescribed by your doctor. Be aware of all of your prescription drugs and ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any. Give orders to complete before they expire and take your medication as prescribed (do not leave the day and take more or less the recommended dose). If you experience any side effects, talk to your doctor. There may be better medicine or medicine for you. Trust your doctor: It is not a good idea to stop taking medication without consulting a healthcare professional.
Prevention/Medication Of High Blood Pressure
If your blood pressure is good, you can make adjustments or maintain a healthy attitude to prevent high blood pressure. These practices include:
Eat a healthy diet, which includes reducing your sodium and alcohol intake
Weight if you are overweight or obese
Get enough exercise or exercise
Manage and learn to manage stress
These steps, whether done individually or collectively, can help reduce the risk of developing PAR. To be more effective in delaying or preventing HBP, it is recommended that you follow several or all procedures.
If you have high blood pressure, you can make regular adjustments to avoid the more serious side effects of HBP. The health practices listed above, as well as medications, can improve your life. It is important to follow the eye treatment recommended by your doctor. This will delay or prevent major health problems including kidney disease, coronary heart disease, and stroke.
Living with high blood pressure
Recognizing that HBP means you will need to be treated and controlled for the rest of your life. Even if the treatment is successful in lowering your blood pressure, you still have the disease. Changing your lifestyle, medication medications and continuing medical care will be a part of your life.
Although the treatment helps control blood pressure, it is not a cure. Stopping treatment will raise your blood pressure again, which will increase the chances of other health problems. Working for a better future means following your treatment plan as well as working with your health care team while controlling your high blood pressure for life.
Continuing to take care of
See your doctor for tests or examinations every time he or she recommends. Your treatment plan as prescribed by your doctor may change over time, regular check-ups let you and your doctor know if your blood pressure is rising so your treatment plan can be changed quickly if it Important .. During the test, you can ask your doctor or health care team any questions you have about your life or your medication.
Keeping your blood pressure under control is important. Check your blood pressure in the schedule recommended by your doctor. You may want to learn how to check your blood pressure at home. Your doctor can help you. Each time you check your blood pressure, you should write down your number and the date.